What are the poetic devices used in the poem An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum?

What are the poetic devices used in the poem An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum?

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    Following literary devices/figures of speech have been used in the poem An Elementary School in a Slum:

    1. Simile: It is a literary device used for comparing two unlike things using like or as. e.g. “Like rootless weeds, the hair torn“, “these children Wear skins peeped through by bones and spectacles of steel With mended glass, like bottle bits on stones”, “their maps with slums as big as doom”, “shut upon their lives like catacombs”.
    2. Metaphor: It is a literary device that is used to make a comparison between two things that aren’t alike but do have something in common. e.g.
      gusty waves”, “The paper- seeming boy, with rat’s eyes.”, “sour cream walls”, “all their future’s painted with a fog”, “sealed in with a lead sky”, “From fog to endless night”, “their time and space are foggy slum”, “whose language is the sun”.
    3. Repetition: It is the repetition of certain words or phrases in the poem for poetic effect. e.g. “far far from“, “break O break“.
    4. Alliteration: It is the occurrence of the same sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. e.g. Far far from”, “other than this”, “A narrow street sealed in with a lead sky”, “Surely, Shakespeare is wicked”, “spectacles of steel”, “bottle bits on stones”, “lives like catacomb”.
    5. Pun: It is a literary device that plays with words that have multiple meanings. e.g. “reciting a father’s gnarled disease“, “sour cream”, “lead sky”. All these words/phrases have multiple meanings.
    6. Personification: It is the attribution of human characteristics to non-human things and animals. e.g. “civilized dome riding all cities.”. The word ride is used for humans. Here it is used for “civilized dome”.
    7. Metonymy: It is the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant. e.g. “Awarding the world its world”. World here symbolizes rich people.
    8. Enjambment: It is the continuation of a sentence or clause across a line break. e.g. “His eyes live in a dream / Of squirrel’s game, in tree room, other than this.”

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