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  1. John Crowe Ransom is known as the father of New Criticism. He coined this term in 1941. This approach to literature is based on the principle of ‘Art for Art’s Sake.”

    It focuses on the text (Formalist), known as “close reading” (particularly) and ignores other parameters like social context, reader and author in order to find how a work of literature functions as a self-contained, self-referential aesthetic object.

  2. Literature catches the spirit of mankind, it records the structure of civilisations, in any case, whether they are fiction or genuine we could learn numerous ethical exercises through the understanding of artistic works, and it is increasingly down to earth and we would rehearse the exercises in our day by day lives.