What is the Theme of God Lives in the Panch by Munshi Premchand?
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1. Celebrating Indigenous Judicial System
“God Lives In The Panch” was during the rule of Britishers in India. In this story, author is criticising the judicial system of the Britishers saying that Indians already had a rural judicial system (Panchayat) where impartial enquiry and judgments are already prevalent. When one is appointed as a Panch or as the head of the Panch, he forgets his earthly ties and gives judgement in accordance with the norms of morality, legality and ethics.
2. Friendship & Property Disputes
The short-story also deals with themes of friendship between Jumman Sheikh and Alagu Chowdhari and property disputes between them. Through these multiple themes, author is trying to present different facets of India but what he intends to champion primarily in this short story is the role of the Head-Panch in a Panchayati system and his responsibilities.