The teacher said to the students, “Are you ready for the test?” Change into Indirect
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Indirect Speech: The teacher asked the students if they were ready for the test.
Explanation: When the reporting verb is in the past (said) and the direct speech is in the present indefinite tense (simple present tense), then the indirect (reported) speech will change into the past indefinite tense.
Present Indefinite Tense > Past Indefinite Tense.
And if the sentence is interrogative, we use the reporting verbs – asked, enquired, etc.
Note: While answering to “yes or no questions”, we use if or whether.