Ram said to Shyam, “Are you playing?” Change into Indirect Speech
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Indirect Speech: Ram asked Shyam if he was playing.
Explanation: When the reporting verb is in the past (said) and the direct speech is in the present indefinite tense (simple present tense), then the indirect (reported) speech will change into the past indefinite tense.
Present Indefinite Tense > Past Indefinite Tense.
And if the sentence is interrogative, we use the reporting verbs – asked, enquired, etc.
Note: While answering to “yes or no questions”, we use if or whether.