English Notes Latest Questions

  1. Imagery: A literary device that refers to the use of figurative language to evoke a sensory experience or create a picture with words for a reader. For example, “And nodding by the fire, take down this book” Symbolism: Symbolism is using symbols to signify ideas and qualities, giving them symbolic mRead more

    • Imagery: A literary device that refers to the use of figurative language to evoke a sensory experience or create a picture with words for a reader. For example, “And nodding by the fire, take down this book”
    • Symbolism: Symbolism is using symbols to signify ideas and qualities, giving them symbolic meanings different from literal meanings. For Example, “grey and weak and full of sleep”
    • Consonance: Consonance is the repetition of consonant sounds in the same line such as the sound of /n/ in “And bending down beside the glowing bars” and “And paced upon the mountains overhead”.
    • Personification: Personification is to give human characteristics to inanimate objects. For example, “Murmur, a little sadly, how Love fled”, as if the love is human and it can move.
    • Enjambment: It is defined as a thought in a verse that does not come to an end at a line break; instead, it rolls over to the next line. Such as,

    “And paced upon the mountains overhead

    And hid his face amid a crowd of stars.”

    • Alliteration: A literary device that reflects repetition in two or more nearby words of initial consonant sounds. For example, the sound of /h/ in “And hid his face amid a crowd of stars”.

    When You Are Old Summary

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  1. The poet has addressed this poem to his beloved, Maud Gonne, who never reciprocated his love. The speaker of the poem dramatizes his unreturned love by giving a future warning to the girl of the present day. He tells her that when she grows old, she will get flashbacks and memories and she will regrRead more

    The poet has addressed this poem to his beloved, Maud Gonne, who never reciprocated his love. The speaker of the poem dramatizes his unreturned love by giving a future warning to the girl of the present day. He tells her that when she grows old, she will get flashbacks and memories and she will regret the rejected love. The poem is full of a lover’s passion, intense feelings, and spirituality. It conveys a message that true love is indestructible and constant.

    When You Are Old Summary

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    Alliteration: the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. For Example, “I used to play at the Pirates” Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. The poet haRead more

    1. Alliteration: the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. For Example, “I used to play at the Pirates”
    2. Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. The poet has compared himself and various situations with different characters.
    3. Anaphora: The repetition of words or phrases in a group of sentences, clauses, or poetic lines. The initial sentences are usually starting with the letter I.
    4. Allusion: It is a figure of speech that references a person, place, thing, or event. Each of these concepts can be real or imaginary, referring to anything from fiction, to folklore, to historical events and religious manuscripts.

     Imagination poem summary

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  1. In the poem 'Imagination' George Bernard Shaw, the poet reminisces his boyhood day when he would play different games acting as pirates or cowboys. He read adventurous books which helped him to forget daily burdens. He recalls his fantasy could be translated in his exploring the poles and living witRead more

    In the poem ‘Imagination’ George Bernard Shaw, the poet reminisces his boyhood day when he would play different games acting as pirates or cowboys. He read adventurous books which helped him to forget daily burdens. He recalls his fantasy could be translated in his exploring the poles and living with the Eskimos.

    Reading Jules Verne’s science fiction took him to the moon and Dr. Livingstone was his guide during his trip to Africa and then to America where he hides with Huckleberry Finn. Childhood fantasy and imagination gave him a chance to be the hero of all nations. After growing up he cherishes his world as a child. Though he has turned serious, he still likes the mysterious.

    Imagination poem summary

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  1. The twentieth century was a period of inevitable change and revolutions. As well as many other influences on it, the two world wars were an essential part of this century. The first war began in 1914 and ended in 1918 but soon followed by the second world war which started in 1939 and ended in 1945,Read more

    The twentieth century was a period of inevitable change and revolutions. As well as many other influences on it, the two world wars were an essential part of this century. The first war began in 1914 and ended in 1918 but soon followed by the second world war which started in 1939 and ended in 1945, these wars have left their mark on every aspect of human life with their destructive force that claimed millions of victims during World War I, causing massive social changes as well as great economic upheavals. These events generated lively debate throughout Europe on social values, national identity, ethnicity and religion; afterwards came also conflicts within countries between Communists and anti-communists after the 1917 October revolution in Russia.

    Modern poetry reflected the new realities of modern life and its feelings, it is a consequence of modernism, which was a movement that emerged at the beginning of the twentieth century with several motivations; it represented a shift in philosophical thought (post-Impressionist art), mainly on the visual arts to reflect only what can be seen scientifically on an object. It also influenced literature for example modern poetry rejected romanticism ideas as they were too old fashioned, it took what was left after modernism rejection and formed its own aspects which include: stream of consciousness technique (which means: direct expression from experience, thoughts or emotions without intellectual interference) free verse (which meant that poets no longer had to write in strict such forms as sonnet or ballad) emphasises on the use of everyday language with a conversational style, colloquialisms (words that are used only in spoken communication). Other important aspects of modernism were: emphasis on subjectivity and a lack of structure; it also broke down existing rules and conventions.

    Modern poetry had to reflect new ideas, new technology and the changes happening all around. Poets like W H Auden expressed how he felt about war through poetry saying: “I sit at your grave my Darling/ And listen for a while… For I am tired”. It was when he lost his brother during WW2 which made him write many poems about this tragic incident.

    He expresses his feelings through words, different from the first line of the chorus in a rock song which expresses feelings or ideas by using images and symbols. Auden’s poem is also different to that of William Shakespeare because it uses the conventional poetic techniques. But although modern poetry was similar to all other types of poetry, it used language and imagery from everyday life during the 20th century instead of romanticism language.

    Modern music has been influenced by modernist compositions such as Arnold Schönberg’s “Five Piano Pieces (Opus 23)”, whose dissonances, unusual harmonies and extended techniques inspired later composers like John Cage. Modern poems were characteristic with free verse but they were not formless, on the contrary, they had structure – modernist formal structures, which included: freedom from the metre, enjambment and a loose ordering of stanzas, which are characteristic features of modern poetry. Poems like “Do not go gentle into that good night” by Dylan Thomas used free verse but with the help of formal structures that reflected the modern life during those years.

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