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  1. Lucifer better to reign in hell than to serve in heaven

    A universal poem is one that has a theme that is common to all humanity, such as love, nature, or loss. It is usually written about beliefs that all people have. A personal poem is one that is about the personal life of the poet. An Introduction is both personal and universal poem. The poem is autobRead more

    A universal poem is one that has a theme that is common to all humanity, such as love, nature, or loss. It is usually written about beliefs that all people have. A personal poem is one that is about the personal life of the poet.

    An Introduction is both personal and universal poem. The poem is autobiographical and bears universal elements. It examines the circumstances that the poet goes through. The poet compares her situation to a particular situation of someone else and gives a very personal view on things. It is a very personal poem but is not about the poet herself.

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  1. According to the poet, English is her own language because she speaks in it and uses it as a medium to interact with others. She has the freedom to chose whatever language she wants to speak in. Hence, English is her own language. Read summary of this poem

    According to the poet, English is her own language because she speaks in it and uses it as a medium to interact with others. She has the freedom to chose whatever language she wants to speak in. Hence, English is her own language.

    Read summary of this poem

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  1. Lucifer better to reign in hell than to serve in heaven

    An Introduction by Kamala Das is a confessional poem in which she is talking about herself. The whole poem is about her miserable life as a woman in the patriarchal society. In the very beginning the poet says that the names of all the rulers of our country that she remembers do not have females. SoRead more

    An Introduction by Kamala Das is a confessional poem in which she is talking about herself. The whole poem is about her miserable life as a woman in the patriarchal society. In the very beginning the poet says that the names of all the rulers of our country that she remembers do not have females. So our country is patriarchal in which woman have no place.

    She then narrates how she is often criticised for talking in english. She further tells us that she was married off to an old man in young age as her body seemed to be mature. According to her, her husband would use her for satisfying his lust. He had no intention of loving or understanding her.

    Kamala further says that she did not like her womanly body and hence she tried to become a man. But the society did not accept this and she was criticised for taking on the attire of men. Finally she says that she is a human being and thus desires to be treated like one. She does not want to be a toy or an object of sexual pleasure.

    Thus the whole poem is about Kamala Das and her own life.

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  1. Best Answer
    Lucifer better to reign in hell than to serve in heaven

    Resentment means dissatisfaction. Throughout the poem An Introduction, the poet seems to be dissatisfied because of the patriarchal society in which there is no place of women. The poet tells us that she remembers the names of all those in power but none of them is a woman. The poet further narratesRead more

    Resentment means dissatisfaction. Throughout the poem An Introduction, the poet seems to be dissatisfied because of the patriarchal society in which there is no place of women. The poet tells us that she remembers the names of all those in power but none of them is a woman.

    The poet further narrates the practice of forced marriage in society, According to her, she was married off to an old man when she was just 16. Her husband had no intention of loving her. She was simply an object of satisfying lust in the hands of her husband.

    Further she tells that she was severely criticised for the dress of her choice. In the end, she strives for the status of “I” i.e. she wants herself to be treated as a human rather than an object.

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  1. Lucifer better to reign in hell than to serve in heaven
    This answer was edited.

    The poem An Introduction is written by Kamala Das who is famous for her Confessional Poetry. She was married to an old man at a very young age. The words, "he drew a youth of sixteen into the Bedroom and closed the door" clearly show that her husband had no love with her but used her a an object toRead more

    The poem An Introduction is written by Kamala Das who is famous for her Confessional Poetry. She was married to an old man at a very young age. The words, “he drew a youth of sixteen into the Bedroom and closed the door” clearly show that her husband had no love with her but used her a an object to satisfy his lust. “The weight of breasts and womb crushed” her because her husband was only interested in her body and not her.

    In the beginning, the poet says that she does not know politics and throughout the history, she has heard the names those in power, which are men. Here the poet is indirectly saying that there is no representation of women and only men rule.

    Women are objects in a patriarchal society. To justify this claim, the poet raises a rhetoric question, “I am human, don’t You see?” According to her, she was quite young but she was told that she has grown up and was married off without her consent. The poet believes that though her body grew, he was still a child. On the other hand, her husband was quite old and had no love for her. He would go to the room and after satisfy his lust. He never bothered to make the poet feel loved.

    In addition, the poet says that she tried to hide her womanliness by dressing like men and cutting her hair. However she was criticised by the society which did moral policing. This signifies that she, as a woman is bound it live according to the rules formed by patriarchal society. Thus the poem is a stringent criticism of the patriarchal society.

     

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  1. Lucifer better to reign in hell than to serve in heaven

    Following poetic devices have been used in the poem "An Introduction" by Kamala Das: Enjambment: It is the continuation of a sentence or clause across a line break. In the poem An Introduction, the sentences continue to several lines. e.g. "I don’t know politics but I know the names Of those in poweRead more

    Following poetic devices have been used in the poem “An Introduction” by Kamala Das:

    1. Enjambment: It is the continuation of a sentence or clause across a line break. In the poem An Introduction, the sentences continue to several lines. e.g. “I don’t know politics but I know the names Of those in power, and can repeat them like Days of week, or names of months, beginning with Nehru.”
    2. Repetition: It is the repetition of a word or phrase for effect, two or more times in a speech or written work. e.g. the poet repeats the word “mine” several times to emphasise her right over her body and soul. Similarly the word “language” is repeated several times for poetic effect.
    3. Anaphora: It is the repeating a sequence of words at the beginnings of neighboring clauses. e.g. we find the word “I” repeated ample of times for emphasis. Similarly, the word “be” is repeated many times.
    4. Allusion: It is the indirect reference to a person, event, or thing or to a part of another text. e.g.”I know the names of those in power” refers to men who have been ruling India. “The language I speak, becomes mine” refers to the struggle of woman to be treated as human in a patriarchal society. “he drew a youth of sixteen into the bedroom and closed the door” refers to his husband satisfying his lust.
    5. Alliteration: It is the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. e.g. “very brown, born in Malabar”.

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  1. These lines are spoken by Kamala Das in her poem An Introduction. The poet says that she is a sinner as well as a saint i.e. she has committed mistakes and also has done a lot of good things. She has been loved as well betrayed. Hence, she possesses all the qualities of humans. Hence she should be tRead more

    These lines are spoken by Kamala Das in her poem An Introduction. The poet says that she is a sinner as well as a saint i.e. she has committed mistakes and also has done a lot of good things. She has been loved as well betrayed. Hence, she possesses all the qualities of humans. Hence she should be treated as a human rather than an object.

    The lines depict poet’s sharp criticism of patriarchal society in which a woman is not more than an object and is never allowed to live her life.

    Read summary of this poem.

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  1. It is a feminist poem because it promotes the principles of feminism. Kamala Das ingeniously mixes it with many other concerns which are common to men too but mostly it is a feminist poem because it speaks for the assertion of womanliness, the betrayal of men regarding the equal respect, the conditiRead more

    It is a feminist poem because it promotes the principles of feminism. Kamala Das ingeniously mixes it with many other concerns which are common to men too but mostly it is a feminist poem because it speaks for the assertion of womanliness, the betrayal of men regarding the equal respect, the condition in which the society wants to keep a woman and contain her.

    The poem strictly speaks out against the whole nature of surrounding which constrains a woman in every aspect.

    Read summary of this poem.

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  1. ‘An Introduction’ is a confessional poem because it is the poetry of the personal. It is the poetry of “I.” Reminding us of the poets like Sylvia Plath or Anne Sexton, this poem delves us into the multifarious aspects of being a woman. Kamala Das shares crucial details from her private history whichRead more

    ‘An Introduction’ is a confessional poem because it is the poetry of the personal. It is the poetry of “I.”

    Reminding us of the poets like Sylvia Plath or Anne Sexton, this poem delves us into the multifarious aspects of being a woman. Kamala Das shares crucial details from her private history which makes the poem confessional.

    Read summary of this poem

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  1. Poetry is an art form at protests. Protests can be of any kind. Whenever any injustice happens, people speak out against it. Here, Kamala Das is reflecting upon her life as a woman. She is introducing her life with a series of injustices done to her which is also to every woman. This poem protests aRead more

    Poetry is an art form at protests. Protests can be of any kind. Whenever any injustice happens, people speak out against it. Here, Kamala Das is reflecting upon her life as a woman. She is introducing her life with a series of injustices done to her which is also to every woman.

    This poem protests against the lack of political space for women, the choice of language of which every Indian is criticised. The poem protests against the oppression of men against women. The poem severely protests against the burden of identities given to a woman by a society which is not true to her.

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