I said to him, “Are you mad?” Change into Indirect Speech
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Indirect Speech: I asked him if he was mad.
Explanation: When the reporting verb is in the past (said) and the direct speech is in the present indefinite tense (simple present tense), then the indirect (reported) speech will change into the past indefinite tense.
Present Indefinite Tense > Past Indefinite Tense.
And if the sentence is interrogative, we use the reporting verbs – asked, enquired, etc.
Note: While answering to “yes or no questions”, we use if or whether.