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    Lucifer better to reign in hell than to serve in heaven

    Eagles cartwheeled above illuminations Of Independence Day, the dogs sniffed at The electric bulbs which sizzled like fat The tall grass the monsoons left on the mountains Was aflame like corn in the setting August sun Two stones collided, sparked. India began to burn. At Mahatma Gandhi' s prayer meRead more

    Eagles cartwheeled above illuminations
    Of Independence Day, the dogs sniffed at
    The electric bulbs which sizzled like fat
    The tall grass the monsoons left on the mountains
    Was aflame like corn in the setting August sun
    Two stones collided, sparked. India began to burn.

    At Mahatma Gandhi’ s prayer meeting,
    Under Ashoka’s wheel on the tricolour,
    The air intoning religious verses,
    A man stood in the scabbard of the crowd,
    A machine gun at the tip of his zealous tongue.
    What well-tutored doves the politicians
    Had released into the skies above Delhi
    Had already blackened with the soot
    Of communal hatred. The air chanted
    The Bhagvat Gita, the Koran and the Bible .
    Gandhi nodded, warmed by his goat’s-milk diet,
    A moses and a Mohammed thinned
    To the bones of a self-denying innocence,
    Mild as foam on the tutored crest of his
    People’s violence, straight as a walking stick
    On the savage contours of his country
    When the bullets hit him, his body was cut
    Into the bars of jail he had never left,
    His stomach shrivelled in another hunger fast.

    A boy in the streets, sulking in his boots,
    Kicked at stones and poured his lip at crows.
    There was the shade to retreat to, the doors
    To be behind. But the pride of mountains
    Annoyed him, the neighing peaks loud
    With thunder exhaling the smoke of monsoon clouds.
    His nostrils twitched like a cow’s when a fly
    Sits there. For the sea air of Bombay was
    Salt, dry. And how could he describe his loss?
    His desperately calm the landscapes were!
    His heart, become a stone in the catapult
    Of his mind, could have struck the foolish adult
    Passions where murder and faith excluded each
    Other. Through eagles still hung like electric fans
    In the sky and the rocks suggested permanence,
    The blood in the earth was not poultry-yard slaughter.
    The boy cushioned his heart in the moss
    Of withdrawal for his India and his youth was lost.

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    • 5
  1. This is the beginning line of Zulfikar Ghose's poem Geography Lesson. It means that when the jet i.e. airplane sprang i.e took off in to the sky (went to height). Read summary of this poem.

    This is the beginning line of Zulfikar Ghose’s poem Geography Lesson. It means that when the jet i.e. airplane sprang i.e took off in to the sky (went to height).

    Read summary of this poem.

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    • 0
  1. The line means that when the airplane went to height, the large houses and the city began looking very smile. A mile which is quite big looked like just six inches from above. Read summary of this poem.

    The line means that when the airplane went to height, the large houses and the city began looking very smile. A mile which is quite big looked like just six inches from above.

    Read summary of this poem.

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    • 2
  1. The message of the poem is peace. The poet is unhappy with the division of people and their hate for each other. He couldn't understand why they divide the land of earth though it is one. The poem gives the message of living with each other peacefully. We should have fraternity and brotherhood amongRead more

    The message of the poem is peace. The poet is unhappy with the division of people and their hate for each other. He couldn’t understand why they divide the land of earth though it is one.

    The poem gives the message of living with each other peacefully. We should have fraternity and brotherhood among ourselves.

    Read summary of this poem.

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    • 13
  1. The moral of the poem Geography Lesson is that we should not fight with each other and live peacefully. Earth is one and so should we. Earth provides us with everything. We should not shed blood on it neither divide it by borders. Read summary of this poem.

    The moral of the poem Geography Lesson is that we should not fight with each other and live peacefully. Earth is one and so should we. Earth provides us with everything. We should not shed blood on it neither divide it by borders.

    Read summary of this poem.

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    • 17
  1. According to the poet, the cities are unorganised because people need water as well as land for survival. They preferred making their homes at a place where they would have adequate land and water. This led to establishment of cities near the rivers, streams and seas. Read summary of this poem.

    According to the poet, the cities are unorganised because people need water as well as land for survival. They preferred making their homes at a place where they would have adequate land and water. This led to establishment of cities near the rivers, streams and seas.

    Read summary of this poem.

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    • 2
  1. The city looked haphazard i.e. unorganised because humans need water and land to survive. The people in past settled near water bodies and thus the population grew there. Living at places without water was not possible. Hence there is dense population near the water bodies. Read summary of this poemRead more

    The city looked haphazard i.e. unorganised because humans need water and land to survive. The people in past settled near water bodies and thus the population grew there. Living at places without water was not possible. Hence there is dense population near the water bodies.

    Read summary of this poem.

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    • 2
  1. The poet mainly uses imagery and alliteration in the poem. Examples of Imagery: walls symbolise borders and cities symbolise countries. Examples of Alliteration: (Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds in a line). e.g. "sprang into the sky",  "it scaked six inches", "why the valleys wereRead more

    The poet mainly uses imagery and alliteration in the poem.

    1. Examples of Imagery: walls symbolise borders and cities symbolise countries.
    2. Examples of Alliteration: (Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds in a line). e.g. “sprang into the sky”,  “it scaked six inches”, “why the valleys were” etc.

    Read summary of this poem.

     

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    • 4
  1. The central idea of the poem is that earth is vast. It has more water than land. The people settled along the water bodies in an unorganised way. They are same yet are divided by borders. They have hate against each other and often kill each other. The poet fails to understand why people not livingRead more

    The central idea of the poem is that earth is vast. It has more water than land. The people settled along the water bodies in an unorganised way. They are same yet are divided by borders. They have hate against each other and often kill each other. The poet fails to understand why people not living peacefully if earth is one.

    Read summary of this poem.

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