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    Lucifer better to reign in hell than to serve in heaven

    The skull at the beach symbolise the hollowness of rites and rituals prevalent in the Society. The skull shows poverty and hunger of India. In other words, it shows the pathetic condition of country. Dawn at Puri Poem Summary

    The skull at the beach symbolise the hollowness of rites and rituals prevalent in the Society. The skull shows poverty and hunger of India. In other words, it shows the pathetic condition of country.

    Dawn at Puri Poem Summary

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    Lucifer better to reign in hell than to serve in heaven

    Widowed women are wearing white clothes because in Hinduism, a woman whose husband dies has to wear white clothes throughout her life. They are waiting to enter the Grand Temple where they would probably pray for their peace and for the well-being of their husbands in afterlife. Their eyes have hopeRead more

    Widowed women are wearing white clothes because in Hinduism, a woman whose husband dies has to wear white clothes throughout her life. They are waiting to enter the Grand Temple where they would probably pray for their peace and for the well-being of their husbands in afterlife.

    Their eyes have hopelessness as they are caught in the trap of patriarchal society. They are considered as widowed women rather than women. In addition, they are not allowed to remarry or wear any other clothes. Their white dress shows the lack of hope in their lives. They are trapped live a bird.

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  1. The morning scene at Puri is full of noises of crows (which are often considered a sign of death). There is a skull of a human in the so-called holy sand which depicts the hunger and poverty of India.  Many women who are wearing white clothes are waiting to enter the temple. White clothes show thatRead more

    The morning scene at Puri is full of noises of crows (which are often considered a sign of death). There is a skull of a human in the so-called holy sand which depicts the hunger and poverty of India.  Many women who are wearing white clothes are waiting to enter the temple. White clothes show that they all are widows who cannot marry now and are going to the temple for peace. But the poet appears to be critical of this culture where a woman has no life without her husband.

    There is darkness (hopelessness) in their eyes through their belief though the sun is shining. In other words, the promises of religious people seem to be futile as their life is useless without their husbands.

    There are hundreds of beggars around the temple who are nameless i.e. they have no value in society. In addition, there are also Dalits or low castes who are not allowed to enter the temple. The line shows the hollowness of religion and discrimination against a certain section. There are joyless dead bodies burning in fire. Poet’s mother desired to be cremated there

    So, the morning which is usually considered as a symbol of hope is full of despair and hopelessness. The poem is thus ironical in which the poet exposes the hollowness of belief and religious practices.

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